8000cm2 PRODUCTION
AREA PER POD

FULLY
SCALABLE

CENTRAL
AUTONOMOUS PRODUCTION

AGROTES

overview

HEIGHT 500cm
DIAMETER 500cm
PRODUCTION AREA 270000cm2
PRODUCTION VOLUME 550800003
NUMBER OF SEEDS THAT CAN BE GROWN 3888

Presenting, BIOS - 1.

The BIOS - 1 is a fully autonomous, scalable, always-learning stowable plantation pod for use in outer-space and on terrain.

BIOS - 1 is designed to work as self-independently as possible, with minimum user interaction required. It automatically handles environment control, nutrient delivery, air pressure, lighting and everything required while learning to get better and better each time with its advanced neural network.

The BIOS CORE.

The CORE is the central platform of the BIOS - 1. Serving as the spine of the entire system, not only does it house and orient each of the 12 pods, but also induces gravity into the mix with its long-life maglev motor, for non-terrain applications.

EXPERIENCE IT

IN LIVE-VIEW

GRAVITY-INDUCING MOTOR

A high torque low rpm Maglev Motor is used to rotate the inner module. This is done to simulate artificial gravity through centrifugal force. By rotating the module, the pods face inwards and the plant grows in the direction opposite to the gravity(inwards), and towards the light (which is included in the pod itself). The gravitational force towards outwards also helps in delivering nutrient-rich water to the plants. The motor is connected to the module using double helical gears of a ratio of 1:5. A low-wear, low-vibration, and low-maintenance pumping system is used to deliver nutrient-rich water to the system which is then delivered to the plants using the artificial gravity created by rotating the system

EXPERIENCE IT

IN LIVE-VIEW

A FULLY-AUTOMATED PIPELINE

CENTRALIZED AUTOMATED PRODUCTION SYSTEM

CAPS

POD
SENSORS

AGROTES KERNEL

INDIVIDUAL POD CHECK VALVE

BIOS features an indigenously made, dynamic production system. The BIOS kernel actively polls sensors for input based on which it consistently modifies environment parameters to ensure best conditions for the plant.

The kernel controls each aspect of the system including air, water, pumps and check valves, the gravity-inducing rotary system, nutrient delivery channels and more.

BIOS maintains an up-to-date database with records for each plant, with their required nutrients, water and optimum force. Whenever a new plant is seeded, this data is looked up and each plant is given the care it needs, thereby minimizing user-interaction to only the planting and harvesting of the plant, ensuring a fully automated pipeline.

BIOS SENSOR LAYER

The BIOS sensor layer employees multiple sensors to get a huge array of datasets which is further analyzed and put to use by the CAPS.

SENSORS USED

PH SENSOR MONITORS PH
HUMIDTY SENSOR MONITORS HUMIDITY
TEMPERATURE SENSOR MONITORS TEMPERATURE
LIGHT SENSITIVITY SENSOR MONITORS LIGHT (ECC) SENSITIVITY FROM
WATER LEVEL SENSOR MONITORS WATER LEVEL
WATER CONSTITUENT SENSOR ANALYZES WATER CONSTITUENTS
INFRARED IMAGING SEEKER IMAGES ROOTS INSIDE THE POD FOR DETAILED SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS

THE AGROTES KERNEL

A kernel is the main layer between the OS and the hardware, and it helps with processes and memory management, file systems, device control and networking.

The AGROTES kernel polls sensors for input data and acts on their behalf. It controls and oversees input/ output operations and coordinates everything with the operating code of the CAPS.

ENVIRONMENT CONTROLLER (ECC)

The Environment Controller (ECC) is designed to monitor each seedling's growth. It analyses the data received from the CAPS and directs just the nutrient amount required for the crop, coordinating with the Sensitive Nutrient Provisioner (SNP). The HydroDRIP system which is responsible for accepting polled sensor data and accordingly deliver the required water for each plant as per instructions from the operating code and is internally connected to the wireframe of the design further assist the ECC in nutrient delivery by employing its existing infrastructure to dual uses. The HydroDRIP also features individual per-pod check-valves to ensure each plant gets just the amount of water it needs and no more.

All check-valves are electronically operated via relays with power sensitivity.

ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING

Adjustable spectrum COB( chip on board ) LED grow lights that emit light with wavelengths between 280nm and 800nm are used to maximize the efficiency of plant growth and energy usage on the BIOS-1. The entire light system is controlled by a centralized automated computer software that controls the quality, quantity and duration of light received by each plant. To do this it uses available plant growth data and also keeps updating this database as it gains experience. The photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) is measured with a full-spectrum quantum sensor also known as a PAR meter.

BIOS DIET

Our project aims to provide the Astronauts with nutrients in a long-lasting, easily absorbed form—freshly grown fresh fruits and vegetables while adding fresh food to the astronauts’ diet and enhancing happiness and well-being on the orbiting laboratory. In the absence of gravity, plants use other environmental factors, such as light, to orient and guide growth. A bank of light emitting diodes (LEDs) above the plants produces a spectrum of light suited for the plants’ growth. Right now, astronauts receive regular shipments of a wide variety of freeze-dried and pre-packaged meals to cover their dietary needs – resupply missions keep them freshly stocked on the ISS but this wouldn’t be possible with Mars missions. When crews venture further into space, traveling for months or years without resupply shipments, the vitamins in pre-packaged form break down over time, which presents a problem for astronaut health. Hence, we plan on growing a variety of plants, including three types of lettuce, Chinese cabbage, mizuna mustard and red Russian kale. We also have chia seeds, edible mushroom and cherry tomato included in our project. Not only are these foods nutrient-dense and provide a tremendous number of benefits to the astronauts but can also be added to a variety of cuisines.

REFERENCES USED

https://www.livekindly.co/growing-vegetables-space-easier-than-sounds/

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/11-most-nutrient-dense-foods-on-the-planet#5.-Shellfish

https://todayshomeowner.com/how-to-grow-houseplants-in-artificial-light/

https://eatlikeamartian.org/

DATA USED FROM SPACE AGENCIES

https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/atoms/files/veggie_fact_sheet_508.pdf

https://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/technologies/aeroponic_plants.html

https://www.nasa.gov/content/growing-plants-in-space

https://rps.nasa.gov/power-and-thermal-systems/power-systems/

THE TEAM

THE PEOPLE BEHIND BIOS

PRANAV BALAJI

balaji.pranav@outlook.in
+91 8700810001

ABHINAV JELLA

abhinavjella0@gmail.com
+91 7731088356

SRIHARI SRIDHAR

contactsriharis@gmail.com
+91 7904093423

PARIDHI AGARWAL

paridhiagarwal0308@gmail.com
+91 9830056137

PRADOSH SIVARAMKUMAR

pradosh2910@gmail.com
+91 8951206764

DAKSH RATURI

UNAVAILABLE
+91 8851638075

AGRÓTES DE L'ESPACE

//DLTA

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